Feeding your baby
Organic foods: Are they better for baby?
Organic foods are usually grown with fewer pesticides than other foods. But according to the American Dietetic Association, organic foods may not be healthier or safer than other kinds of foods. We don't have enough research to know.
Some parents have decided to be cautious and to buy organic foods when they can.
If a vegetable or fruit is labeled organic, it meets certain standards set by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Here are examples of the standards:
- Only approved fertilizers, weed killers and pesticides can be used. Man-made products are discouraged. Organic farmers often use natural fertilizers such as manure and compost. Instead of using weed killers, they rotate crops, till, weed by hand, and mulch. Genetic engineering and certain types of radiation cannot be used.
- Certain organic standards also apply to animals used to produce milk, eggs and meat. For example, they may not be given hormones to promote growth or antibiotics for any reason. Also, the animals must have access to the outdoors, such as a pasture.
Foods that meet USDA standards can be labeled with the "USDA Organic" seal.
Organic foods usually cost more than non-organic foods. For instance, in May 2008, Newsweek reported that organic red delicious apples cost $1.99 per pound, while non-organic cost only $1.49. Organic eggs cost $3.99 a dozen; non-organic, $1.89.
What are natural foods?
Natural foods are as close as possible to their original state. No artificial ingredients or preservatives are added to them. Examples: brown rice, almonds, certain apple juices. Natural foods may or may not be organic.
What's a parent to do?
First and foremost, it's important for your child to eat healthy foods. If organic foods are available and you can afford them, great; give them a try. But don’t sacrifice good nutrition for the organic label.
Regardless of whether food is organic or not, handle all food carefully and safely.
Shopping and safety tips
- Buy vegetables and fruits when they're in season. This will help ensure the best quality. For example, buy apples in the fall and berries and tomatoes in the summer. This also saves on fuel to transport produce from far away.
- Read labels carefully. Organic may not mean healthy. Some organic foods are high in fat, sugar or salt.
- If you worry about pesticides, peel all fruits and vegetables. Trim the outer leaves of leafy vegetables like lettuce and cabbage. But remember, peeling may also reduce nutritional value. Pesticides are sometimes found in the fatty parts of food. So remove fat from meat and the skin from fish and poultry.
- Handle all food carefully and safely.
On the menu
- Newborn: Breast milk or formula
- 4-6 months: Cereal mixed with baby's milk
- 6 months: Pureed, cooked fruits and veggies
- 8 months: Cooked veggies and fine cut meats
- 9 months: Macaroni, crackers, pieces of fruit